Teal Ribbon Day – Ovarian Cancer Awareness

What is ovarian cancer?

Ovarian cancer is a general term used to describe a cancerous (malignant) tumour starting in one or both ovaries. The ovaries are made up of three main kinds of cells – epithelial cells, stromal cells and germ cells. Each of these cells can develop into a different type of tumour. The average age of women when they are diagnosed with ovarian cancer is age 64. It is mainly diagnosed in women over the age of 50; however, there are cases diagnosed in younger women.

Ovarian cancer is the eighth most common cancer in Australia. About 1580 Australian women are diagnosed each year.

Signs and Symptoms


Symptoms of ovarian cancer

There is no early detection test for ovarian cancer, so all women need to be aware of the symptoms. The most commonly reported symptoms for ovarian cancer are:

·         Increased abdominal size or persistent abdominal bloating

·         Abdominal or pelvic (lower tummy) pain

·         Feeling full after eating a small amount

·         Needing to urinate often or urgently

Additional Symptoms


    • Changes in bowel habits
    • Unexplained weight gain or loss
    • Excessive fatigue
    • Lower back pain
    • Indigestion or nausea
    • Bleeding after menopause or in-between periods
    • Pain during sex or bleeding after


It is important to remember all the symptoms mentioned can be caused by other, less serious medical conditions. However, if you are experiencing any of these symptoms, which are persistent and troublesome, you should see your doctor. They will be able to examine you and if necessary, do further tests to find the cause of your problems.

If you are not comfortable with your doctor’s diagnosis or you are still concerned about unexplained persistent symptoms, you should seek a second opinion.

You know your body better than anyone else, so always listen to what your body is saying and trust your instincts.


Understanding the Risks

We don’t know the exact causes of most ovarian cancers. However, we do know there are factors that may increase a woman’s risk of developing ovarian cancer.

Increasing Age


Getting older is the biggest risk factor for developing ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancer can happen at any age, but it is usually in women who have been through menopause, with the average age of diagnosis being age 64.


Hereditary Factors


These account for approximately 20% of ovarian cancers. Hereditary factors include:

  • inheriting a faulty gene such as a mutation in BRCA1 or
  • BRCA2 genes. Women of Ashkenazi Jewish descent have
  • a higher incidence of BRCA mutations than the general population
  • having a strong family history of ovarian, breast or some other cancers (colorectal or endometrial).


Other Factors


other factors that may increase the risk of ovarian cancer include:

  • having endometriosis, a previous breast cancer or diabetes
  • use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) (this applies to some ovarian cancer types)
  • being overweight
  • smoking, which may slightly increase the risk of developing
  • mucinous ovarian cancer
  • not having had children – women who have not had children are at a slightly higher risk.


Reducing your risk


There are also ways in which you can reduce the risk of developing ovarian cancer:

  • surgical removal of the ovaries and fallopian tubes
  • having children
  • using oral contraceptives.


However, many women having adopted protective measures may still develop ovarian cancer.

 Click here for more information from Ovarian Cancer Australia 

What Women Wish You Knew About Ovarian Cancer

If there's one thing to learn during Ovarian Cancer Awareness Month…it's in this 60-second video. Special thanks to ROC Incorporated | Pink Meets Teal Ovarian Cancer Australia | WomenCan Fundraising

10 daily 发布于 2020年2月17日周一